Terri Meyer Boake, BES, BArch, MArch, LEED AP
Professor School of Architecture University of Waterloo
email: tboake@uwaterloo.ca


Arch 671:
Comprehensive Building Design


Fall 2016
Course Home Page


course outline

last updated December 1, 2016 8:45 AM

Course Description:

“Students will investigate and report on technical issues as the relate to the development of the comprehensive building project in the parallel Design Studio. Innovation and integration in architectural design will be stressed, with respect to structure, building envelope, environmental systems, health and life safety, movement systems, site planning and the integration of information technology.”

Office Hours:
Tuesdays and Wednesdays 1:00pm to 2:00pm, ARC 3012 or TBA
Email tboake@uwaterloo.ca anytime

Log-in to LEARN: here

Schedule of Lectures:

A series of supplemental technical lectures will be run on the dates listed below, Wednesday evenings from 5:30 to 7:30 in ARC 1101. As you are all taking Arch 673: The Science of the Building Envelope with John Straube, the focus of these talks will be more on structural, environmental and life safety/code issues.
Sept 21

The Question of Sustainable Design in the Canadian Context

A review of green building practices in a cold climate with an emphasis on learning the LEED Accreditation system that is supported by the CaGBC and USGBC.

LEED Powerpoint

Mining LEED for Carbon (did not show this but more good information)

Sept 28

Structural Choices and Architectural Design

A look at various systems for creating structures that can positively influence the architectural outcome of spaces. Focus on medium to long spans to assist in the creation of your main worship space. Focus on steel and concrete systems.

Overview of Concrete Buildings slideshow

Steel: Fun is in the Details Website

Oct 5

We are in Canada and we have lots of Wood...

Canadian architectural design takes great advantage of the materiality of wood, from light frame construction for our houses to heavy natural timber, glue laminated timbers and various engineered wood projects for longer spans in institutional buildings. This lecture will focus on the use of heavier exposed wood systems that have long been associated with community buildings and buildings of faith.

Timber Systems Slideshow

Slideshow of some interesting sacred spaces

Some (very) basic presentations from the Canadian Wood Council that I show to my first year class.

Structure and Properties of Wood

Engineered Wood Materials

Post and Beam Construction

Oct 26

Structural Designing in Exposed Steel

A more detailed look at Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel, connections, expression, protection. A focus on the application of "force differentiated structures" - those that acknowledge tension vs compression forces in the member choices.

Steel Systems Slideshow

Nov 2


To complement the detailing being studied in Arch 673 with Dr. Straube, we will look at various innovative cladding systems using some new materials, with a focus on the incorporation of the mandatory rain screen as well as shading devices to provide control of solar gain.

basic curtain wall info

skins slideshow

Nov 9

Roofing Systems

A look at the application of the various materials for pitched and flat roofs. Detailing for flashing at roof edges. Incorporation of green roofs. Where the roof meets the wall.

roofing powerpoint please also look at the Bakor PDF at the bottom of this page for details

Nov 16


Each member of the class will supply me with their "key problem detail" and we will work through these with the class to solve. We will also address any outstanding issues pertaining to the requirements for final submission of the Technical Report.

Nov 23

no class

Rather than having an evening class I will add another full day in studio to go around to each of you. I am only supposed to be in studio one day a week so will be there for 2 days.



The grade assessed will be based on Written Report (20%), Comprehensive LEED Evaluation (10%) and the drawings (70%). In the report I will be looking for completeness and clarity of writing – adherence to the outline provided.

The building must be designed to meet a minimum LEED Gold standard. Additional grade points are possible for hitting LEED Platinum. The LEED spreadsheet MUST include a short PARAGRAPH for each credit explaining why you did or did not claim this credit. No calculations are necessary, just a good explanation.

Link to the base document for the written portion of the submission.

Link to the LEED excel spreadsheet - you will be using the LEED V4 system.

Link to the LEED V4 Reference Guide

For the drawing breakdown:
Structure 10%
Skins/Envelope Design 10%
Energy Efficient Design Strategies 10%
Environmental Systems and Services: HVAC, Acoustics, Lighting 10%
Life Safety 10%
Barrier Free Design 5%
Environmental Site strategies 5%
Presentation quality 10%

It is assumed that you will be using the same basic set of drawings to submit to Arch 691 Design Studio. The information required for the Technical Report component should be layered on the studio submission materials. It will be critically important that your basic design strategies for the studio project support the technical strategies.

Due Date: 11:59pm December 22 to LEARN.

Late Penalties:
Projects or assignments submitted after the due date or due time will be penalized 5% per calendar day of lateness, with no maximum.

Sample Report:
This is a copy of a Technical Report for you to look at in order to understand the nature of the expectations of the submission. Do NOT copy the detailing as it is likely to be quite different from what you are using given the change in building type.



Recommended References:

In addition to the texts used for your Structures and Building Science classes last term and this term:

CMHC Best Practice Design Guides.

Wood Frame   link
BC (Humid Climate!) Wood Frame   link
Precast   link
Curtain Wall   link
EIFS   link
Brick - Steel Stud Backup   link
Brick - Concrete Block Backup   link
Healthy High Rise   link
Fire and Sound Design   link
Flashing   link
Bakor - Air Barriers   link

The National or Ontario Building Code.

Allen, Edward. Architect’s Studio Companion.

Allen, Edward. Fundamentals of Building Construction: Materials and Methods.

Allen, Edward. How Buildings Work. Oxford University Press, New York, 1995. ISBN 0-19-509100-0. A comprehensive general book with an appropriate title. Includes all aspects.

Salvadori, Mario. Why Buildings Stand Up. WW Norton & Co, 1994, ISBN 0393306763. A must for the architect who wishes an overview of systems, shapes and materials used for building structures.

Gordon, J.E. Structures: Or Why Things Don’t Fall Down. Penguin Books, 1978. An interesting, informative, and still remarkably technical read. This book is more materials based and slightly more technical than Salvadori’s.

Brand, Stewart. How Buildings Learn. A very influential book that thoroughly describes the life cycle of buildings in a case study approach. Excellent review of how building professions are not doing their jobs.

Stein, Benjamin and John Reynolds. Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons.

Lechner, Norbert. Heating, Cooling, Lighting. John Wiley & Sons, Toronto.

Brown, G.Z. Sun Wind and Light. Very good book on environmental design. Lots of info on daylighting.



Avoidance of Academic Offenses

Academic Integrity: To create and promote a culture of academic integrity, the behaviour of all members of the University of Waterloo is based on honesty, trust, fairness, respect and responsibility.

 A student who believes that a decision affecting some aspect of his/her university life has been unfair or unreasonable may have grounds for initiating a grievance. Read Policy 70 - Student Petitions and Grievances, Section 4, http://www.adm.uwaterloo.ca/infosec/Policies/policy70.htm

A student is expected to know what constitutes academic integrity, to avoid committing academic offenses, and to take responsibility for his/her actions. A student who is unsure whether an action constitutes an offense, or who needs help in learning how to avoid offenses (e.g., plagiarism, cheating) or about “rules” for group work/collaboration should seek guidance from the course professor, academic advisor, or the Undergraduate Associate Dean. When misconduct has been found to have occurred, disciplinary penalties will be imposed under Policy 71 – Student Discipline. For information on categories of offenses and types of penalties, students should refer to Policy 71 - Student Discipline, http://www.adm.uwaterloo.ca/infosec/Policies/policy71.htm

A student may appeal the finding and/or penalty in a decision made under Policy 70 - Student Petitions and Grievances (other than regarding a petition) or Policy 71 - Student Discipline if a ground for an appeal can be established. Read Policy 72 - Student Appeals, http://www.adm.uwaterloo.ca/infosec/Policies/policy72.htm

Note for students with disabilities:The Office for Persons with Disabilities (OPD), located in Needles Hall, Room 1132, collaborates with all academic departments to arrange appropriate accommodations for students with disabilities without compromising the academic integrity of the curriculum. If you require academic accommodations to lessen the impact of your disability, please register with the OPD at the beginning of each academic term. Once registered with OPD, please meet with the professor, in confidence, during my office hours to discuss your needs.


last updated December 1, 2016 8:45 AM