CND header

AIA Home > SBSE Home > Teaching Resources > Carbon Neutral Design > Carbon Neutral Teaching > Shaviv + Yezioro - Solar Control/Shading/Solar Exposure

arrow Project Introduction

arrow What is Carbon Neutral Design?

arrow Carbon Neutral Design Process

arrow Carbon Neutral Design Strategies

arrow Carbon Calculation Protocols

arrow Carbon Calculation Tools

arrow Carbon Neutral Case Studies

arrow Carbon Neutral Teaching

Curriculum Projects Overview

Projects (by professor):

> Bagneid
> Boake
> Chalfoun
> Demers + Potvin
> Elzeyadi
> Guzowski
> Haglund
> Kaiser
> La Roche
> Peña
> Rashed-Ali
dot Shaviv + Yezioro
Adaptive Reuse
Green Architecture Analysis
Passive Heating, Cooling, Water Collection And Site Selection

Site Analysis/Site Design
Solar Control/Shading/Solar Exposure
Passive Heating
Passive Heating & Cooling

> Stannard
> Theis
> Thomson

Projects (by teaching topic):
visit this link to see the projects sorted by the carbon related topic

> Frameworks and Goals
> Site
> Building Form / Integrated Design Overview
> Envelope
> Passive Strategies
> Efficient Mechanical Strategies
> Energy
> Materials
> Water
> Miscellaneous Related Topics
> Integrated Topics

arrow Resources

arrow Links

The Carbon Neutral Design Project:
Carbon Neutral Teaching: Curriculum Materials Development
Edna Shaviv and Abraham Yezioro
Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning | Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

Combined “Solar Architecture” studio and theory courses - fourth year undergraduate elective distribution

Solar Control/Shading/Solar Exposure

Solar Control

Design Performance Objective

Solar Control Studies


Student: xxx


Combined “Solar Architecture” studio and theory courses - fourth year undergraduate elective distribution

Solar Control/Shading/Solar Exposure

This topic is a critical one especially at the urban scale. It can determine whether open spaces can and will be used in both winter and summer time as public spaces. On the one hand, should be exposed to winter sun and on the other should be shaded in the summer in order to improve the thermal comfort of the users. Moreover, at the building scale, south facades should be exposed to winter sun to obtain the passive solar heating, while the roofs, or other parts of the building envelope, with hot water solar collectors or PV cells, should be exposed to the sun the whole year round, in order to achieve their full potential. In the preliminary analysis of the project shading evaluation is performed in order to identify the most appropriate areas for winter comfort (those exposed to the winter sun most of the time). Once these areas are identified they are thoroughly designed so they can fit better the whole year long shades for summer).

Since this project is located in a distressed neighborhood (see item 1), as part of the revitalization of the area an important goal was to provide well exposed open areas in winter to allow people enjoying their stay outside. This project proposes several open spaces for different activities (street café, playgrounds, sitting, etc) so both students and existing community have the opportunity to interact in different ways.

Recent studies we performed in our faculty conclude that exposing 30-40% of the open spaces area can provide the exposure requirements for both buildings and open spaces. The design of this project followed this recommendation.

As part of the solution in some locations the first floors were removed, so the adjacent open spaces could be exposed to the low winter sun, while shaded by the building from the high summer sun.

The original buildings main facades are east/west oriented, as at the time of the construction of these buildings people believed that for the Israel climatic conditions the breeze coming from North West is more important than the sun. However, the west sun is very disturbing in summer afternoons, on top of losing the passive solar heating from the south. Therefore, the additional structures face North South, and provide passive solar energy also.

Investigative Strategy


Evaluation Process
Information about the Project and Studio

• course outline

• project outline

Evaluative Criteria
Range of Applicability in terms of CLIMATE
Range of Applicability in terms of TYPE
Reference Material
Duration of Exercise
Degree of Difficulty / Previous Knowledge Required

Solar Control
Solar Control Studies
student name


©2012 American Institute of Architects | Society of Building Science Educators | Legal Disclaimer